When I first started painting, I used my reference photographs as a kind of bridge between blank canvas and finished painting, keeping the composition and design unaltered. Back then, I would work directly from a photograph without editing or adding from my own imagination.
Today, 20 years later, I've put aside that way of converting photos directly into a painting. These days I try to use my photography as a starting point in the painting process rather than the blueprint from which my paintings are copied.
I started this blog post with the idea of providing an outline of how I use reference photos. It took a few weeks of writing before I realized that this was a hopeless idea. Instead, this blog shows some of my recent work—all painted from reference photos—with a description of how I tried to get beyond the photo in each case. Since every painting is different, every solution is unique.
If you want to take these topics further for portrait work, you can read it in conjunction with the notes on developing ideas and creating designs in my book Painting Animals in Oil. For landscapes you could read in conjunction with my blog posts on handling greens and painting animals in the landscape. For seascapes you should also look at this post.
Song of the Wind. Approx. Approx. 7x11, oil on linen panel. 2021
My starting point in painting from a photograph is to find something (other than the subject) which will guide my decisions in the painting process. In this case, I used the wind.
This is based on some photos I took during a vacation in Maui at the end of 2019, immediately before the pandemic and around the time when an illness came to dominate our family life.
I chose to paint this one because the wind had the effect of unifying the sky, the trees and sea but I just couldn't bring myself to paint it in bright, joyful colors. I cropped the photo and reduced the yellow and blues in the image. While painting, I desaturated the colors and simplified most of the elements. The sky is an invention.
Sunnybank. Approx. 8x10, oil on linen panel. 2021
I painted this Tracy Everly inspired sketch as an exercise in simplifying forms and removing detail.
It's from a 2014 reference photo which I had left unused until now because I couldn't figure out a way to turn it into a good painting. In the original photo the subject matter was less compelling, and the surrounding landscaping was dark and overgrown.
The major deviations from the reference photo were to add in the bright foreground and leave out most of the extraneous landscape. In terms of the building, I like to think of the details as being obscured rather than omitted. I used a lost and found outline on some of the edges to give definition.
Unbroken by Oars. 9x16, oil on linen panel. 2021.
I started this with the intention of painting in an abstract, loose style. I first did a small charcoal sketch directly from my reference photo and then did the layout on the canvas using the sketch as a reference (it's a good method, honest).
My process is to step away from each painting while the first paint layer dries then return later to make sure I'm happy with the composition before finishing.
I thought I had a good start to this painting when I reached that checkpoint. But I happened to see it upside down later in the day and realized that I liked it more from this new perspective. What used to be the reflections of the trees in the water were better abstract representations of trees than my attempt to paint the actual things. I flipped the painting round and finished it the way you see it now.
This Sceptered Isle. 11x18 3/4, oil on linen panel. 2021
This painting was inspired by a Leicestershire field I saw on a Google Street View. I was drawn to the way the land is naturally divided into a fore and middle ground and I kept that division unaltered in the painting.
Most of everything else is changed from the original photo.
I simplified both tree lines and changed the color and texture of the ground. When faced with large open spaces like these, I try to fill them with patterns of values and colors: the surface of the land is equally as important as the objects it contains.
Using separate references for the sky, I worked on it for a couple of days until I finally figured out that things looked better when it was rendered as one big dark cloud.
Wine Dark Sea. 16x20, oil on linen. 2019-2021
There are many sources for this painting, including: plein air sketches, other reference photos, imagination, and memory. The thing I took from the primary reference photo (a photo of the Seattle skyline on a winter evening) was the color relationship between the pink sky and purple clouds.
I created this painting in 2019 and it had a more dramatic and involved sky. Although I liked the technical execution of the piece—it contained some nice impressionistic brushwork—it never seemed to fit well with the rest of the picture. After letting it sit in my studio for a couple of years, I got up the courage to sand it down and re-paint it with a simpler motif—proof that in art, as in literature, you sometimes must kill your darlings.